Electrolytes, Toxicology, Pharmacology

This talk will center on hyperkalemia, hypokalemia and hyponatremia. There are five ECG changes of hyperkalemia, five ways to drive potassium into the cell, and ways to use calcium. Hypokalemic arrhythmias will also be discussed along with the treatment of torsades and the use of magnesium. 

This session briefly covers the versatility of sodium bicarbonate in the treatment of various toxicologic emergencies, as well as a brief history of opioids and the pharmacology of fentanyl and naloxone.